overview to homebrew wine making...

Making wine in nine easy steps

These are general steps intended to give you an idea of how simple making your own wine is. You will always need to follow the instructions contained in the wine kit you have selected.

STEP ONE
Select a wine kit, usually available in 1 or 5 gallon sizes.

STEP TWO
Empty the concentrate into a sterilised fermenting vessel together with the correct amount of cold water.
If your kit contains dried fruit and herbs they should be added at this stage.

STEP THREE
Dissolve the sugar in hot water and add to the fermenting vessel, making sure that the solution is well mixed.
NOTE: Not all kits require additional sugar.

STEP FOUR
Add nutrient and wine yeast sachets that come with the kit. Seal the fermentation vessel with an airlock containing water and leave in a warm place to ferment. Once fermentation is complete gently swirl the vessel once a day for the next 2 to 3 days, alternatively transfer the wine from one container to another several times in order to degas the wine.

STEP FIVE
After 4 days add extra water to top up to 1 or 5 gallons. (Depending on kit size)

STEP SIX
After 2-3 weeks test for sweetness. If it is to your liking proceed to next step. If it is not to your liking, let fermentation continue and test again after a couple of days.

STEP SEVEN
Stop the fermentation and add finings to clear the wine.

STEP EIGHT
When wine is clear, syphon it into another sterilised vessel taking care not to disturb the sediment at the bottom. Remaining gas (Co2) can be expelled by removing the airlock and covering the hole with one finger. Swirl the vessel until all the gas has been expelled.
Gas being given off is denoted by a "fizz" when the finger is removed.

STEP NINE
Syphon clear wine into clean sterilised bottles and cork.

Your wine is ready to drink but may have a raw flavour which will disappear if left to mature for 3-4 weeks.